Short Resume of the History of the Supreme Grand
narrative contained herein is extracted from " Royal and Select Masters
History" written by Rt. Ill. Companion Lloyd G. MacNiven (Grand
Cryptic Rite in Canada
earliest mention of the Cryptic Rite in Canada
is to be found in the City
Gazette published in Saint John, NB
on 13 February 1828: " A quarterly meeting of the Council of Royal and
Select Masters will be held at Mason Hall on Thursday evening at seven
Council was undoubtedly inaugurated by one
Samuel Kidder, a lecturer and ritualist of ability from Massachusetts ,
visited Saint John late in 1826 with authority from the Grand Master of
Grand Council of Massachusetts, established in June, 1826.
further respecting this early Council has
since been discovered and the names of early members are unknown. A
persists that this Council held quarterly meetings until 1837 when a
destroyed its records.
1866, the Hon. Robert Marshall of Saint John
received the three degrees of the Rite in a Council of R. & S.M. at
with the view to establishing the Rite in Canada.
he secured the issue of three charters by the
Grand Council of Maine - Edward P. Burnham, Most Puissant Grand Master,
May 1867, and was himself authorized to constitute the Councils and
Officers; assisted by Companion Gordon R. Garden Past Grand Master of
Companion Marshall on 12 August 1867 constituted:
John Council # 1 (William Donald D.D. TIM)
New Brunswick Council # 2 (Robert Marshall TIM)
Carleton Council # 3 (John V. Ellis TIM)
John Council # 1 lost its charter and property
in the Great Fire of 20 June 1877, and became dormant from that date
February 1892, when the Council was revived by the surviving members
William B. Wallace as TIM. It has continued to be on the active role of
Council to this day.
Brunswick Council # 2 also lost its records in the
Fire of 1877, but was revived in 1894 and continued until 1902 when it
amalgamated with Saint John # 1.
Council # 3 although with a small
membership continued to hold its meetings in Saint John West into the
century. It has since gone into darkness.
15 August 1867 the representatives of the three
Councils formed the Grand Council R. & S. M. of New Brunswick with
Robert Marshall as the first Grand Master.
1870 an Inspector General for Quebec and Ontario
was appointed. The Grand Council met annually until 1872 and in that
chartered the following Councils:
Council # 4; Halifax 18 July
1870. After a period of dormancy this Council was revived in 1899,
until 1910. It again became inactive but was revived in 1928 and
Council # 5; Orillia, Ontario,
22 November 1870. Has since become dormant.
Council # 6; Toronto, Ontario,
13 January 1871, currently Adoniram # 2, Grand Council of Ontario.
Council # 7; Galt, |Ontario,
1871. Now dormant.
Council # 8; Moncton, NB, 18
August 1871. Became dormant circa 1910.
Council # 9; Brantford, Ontario,
1871. Now dormant.
Stephen Council # 10; St. Stephen,
NB., 1871, active until 1904, revived in 1924, now dormant.
24 July 1871 with the approval of the Grand
Council of New Brunswick the Grand Council of Ontario was formed with
jurisdiction over the Councils in Ontario.
period 1875 to 1890 was marked by little
activity due in part to the Great fire in Saint John, NB in 1877, the
depression of the period, a lack of candidates and the optional nature
degrees. However, Companions David R. Monroe and John V. Ellis of Saint
continued their work both in Carleton Council and the Grand Council of
During the period Companion W.D. Gordon of Fredericton was appointed
General for the Eastern Provinces.
1880 the Grand Council of Ontario proclaimed
itself the Grand Council of the Dominion of Canada with jurisdiction
Councils of the Cryptic Rite, all Conclaves of the Order of the Red
Constantine and all Lodges of Royal Ark Mariners of Canada. In 1885 it
to confine its jurisdiction to only the Cryptic Rite.
January 1892, the Grand Council of New Brunswick
was reorganized and reconstituted with Companion John V. Ellis as
Companion Robert Marshall as Grand Secretary. The Grand Council has
to meet yearly since that date. In 1899 it changed its title to "The
Supreme Grand Council of the Cryptic Rite of the Maritime Provinces and
with jurisdiction over Canada excepting Ontario and also over
period 1910 - 20 saw the Order gain strength
especially in Quebec, during this period the following Councils were
Council # 13, Montreal, QC
Council # 14, Woodstock, NB
1922 the Grand Council of Canada which had become
dormant was revived and affiliated with the General Grand Chapter of
States and became recognized as a Grand Council in 1925.
the name of the Council continued in the Grand Council of the Maritime
Provinces and Quebec until 1929 when in accordance with an agreement
between the two Grand Councils, the Grand Council of Canada in Ontario
the name of the Supreme Grand Council of the Western Jurisdiction of
& S.M. and the Supreme Grand Council of the Maritime Provinces and
became the Supreme Grand Council of the Eastern Jurisdiction of Canada
S.M. The boundary line agreed upon was the provincial boundary dividing
proposal by the Western Jurisdiction to merge the
two jurisdictions into one for the whole of Canada was declined by the
Jurisdiction in 1934. In the meantime Orient Council # 16 was
Guysborough, NS in February 1934.
The Grand Seal
history of the Grand Council Royal
and Select Masters Eastern Jurisdiction is reflected in the Grand Seal.
The years shown on the seal represent the following:
1867 - Grand Council Royal & Select Masters of New Brunswick was
formed with Robert Marshall as the first Grand Master.
1899 - The title changed to The Supreme Grand Council of the Cryptic
Rite of the Maritime Provinces and Quebec with jurisdiction over Canada
except Ontario and also over Newfoundland
1929 - the current title of the Supreme Grand Council Eastern
Jurisdiction of Canada Royal & Select Masters was adopted.
The reference to Saint John, NB points to the source of our beginnings.
Council of Western Canada
10 May 1938, the six councils west of Ontario
meeting in Edmonton, AB formed the Grand Council R. & S. M. of
Canada. These six councils had received their charters from the
Council of Western Jurisdiction, which in 1938 agreed to change its
Grand Council of Royal and Select Masters in the province of Ontario.
today Canada is covered by three Grand Councils
with member councils as follows:
Councils/ 5 Lodges
following is a list of the Councils/Lodges under
the Supreme Grand Council Eastern Jurisdiction R. & S. M. with
current numbers and their original numbers where applicable:
John Council, Saint John, NB
Council, Dartmouth, NS
Council, Montreal, QC
Council, New Glasgow, NS
Newfoundland Council, St. John's, NL
Council, Sydney, NS
Council, Moncton, NB
of the Gulf Council, Charlottetown, PE
Council, Wolfville, NS
York Council, Frederickton, NB
Austin Bentley Council, Annapolis Royal, NS
Newfoundland Council, Gander, NL
Shem Council, Sherbrooke, QC
| E. B.
N. Cochrane Council, Liverpool, NS
of Judah Council, Great Village, NS
de Saba, Quebec City, QC
| Lodge of Royal Ark Mariners
Wagner Lodge, Dartmouth, NS
Lodge, Great Village/New Glasgow
David's Lodge, St. John's, NL
Lodge, Moncton, NB
| W. G.
Young Lodge, Liverpool, NS